Forest fires as a specific type of natural hazard are steadily increasing in recent
decades in the world and Serbia. The most significant negative consequences
are environmental (devastation of forest ecosystems), economic (resources loss
and financial damage), and social (environmental pollution, loss of human
lives). Due to the numerous factors that allow the occurrence and spread of
forest fires, it is necessary to use modern methods for their early detection.
Many methods and safety systems have been developed to prevent and to
monitor forest fires. In addition to expensive remote-sensing monitoring
systems (expensive specially equipped aircraft and satellites), there are more
practical solutions. Satellite system networks technology has its drawbacks, data
collection is difficult or impossible due to bad weather (cloudiness, smoke).
Wireless network sensors have their advantages: low cost, reliability and easy
installation, wireless data transfer, and low power consumption. The system
is applicable in various fields such as medicine, agriculture, security, forest
fire-prevention, etc. Wireless network sensors system monitor forest fires
even when they are forming, regardless of the accessibility of the terrain, the
size of the space of interest, or its distance. The information collected allows
for taking quick and effective action to suppress and extinguish forest fires.
V. Gajić, G. Dražić, N. Dražić, “Monitoring and Prevention of Forest Fires Using Wireless Sensor Networks,” in Sinteza 2020 - International Scientific Conference on Information Technology and Data Related Research, Belgrade, Singidunum University, Serbia, 2020, pp. 59-64. doi:10.15308/Sinteza-2020-59-64
Gajić, V., Dražić, G., Dražić, N. (2020). Monitoring and Prevention of Forest Fires Using Wireless Sensor Networks. Paper presented at Sinteza 2020 - International Scientific Conference on Information Technology and Data Related Research. doi:10.15308/Sinteza-2020-59-64